The characteristics of Christianity
John 2:1-11 Key Verse: 2:11
1) What serious problem occurred at the wedding of Cana? (1-3a) How did Mary try to solve this problem? (3b) What can we learn from her about prayer?
“1 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding.”
“3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.””
2) How did Jesus respond to his mother’s plea for help? (4) Why did Jesus coldly refuse? How did Mary provide a spiritual environment in which Jesus could work? (5)
4 “ Dear Woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.” “5His mother said to the servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you.’”
3) What did Jesus tell the servants to do? (6-8) Why was it difficult for them to obey? How did the servants obey Jesus? What can you learn here about a Christian’s obedience?
6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim. 8“The he told them, ‘Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.’” “They did so.”
4) What did each of the servants, the master of the banquet, and the bridegroom receive through this event? (9-10) Why did Jesus perform this miracle first? (11) What does this event teach us about the characteristics of Christianity? (2Co 5:17)
“9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.””
11“Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.””
“12This, the first of his miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed his glory, and his disciples put their faith in him.”
“If anyone is in Christ, He or she is a new creation. The old has gone, The new has come.” (2Co 5:17).
God created the heavens and the earth
Key Verse: 1:1
“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth”
Paschal said, “We, humankind, have thirst because of our broken relationship with God.” In order to live a happy life, we must meet the Creator and restore our relationship with Him. Through the creation story, we can learn who God is.
1. What does verse 1 declare? Meditate on “in the beginning”, “God (Elohim)” and “created.” Who is our God, the Creator (Ex 3:14; Rev 1:8)?
1In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth
14God said to Moses, “I am who I am. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am has sent me to you.’”
8“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.”
2. What was the state of earth in when it was first created (2)? How were the Holy Spirit and the word involved in the creation (Heb 11:3)? What structure & order can you see in each day’s creation (1Jn 1:5; 2Co 4:6)?
2Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.
3By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God’s command, so that what is seen was not made out of what was visible.
5This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him there is no darkness at all.
6For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.
3. What things did God create according to their kinds (11, 12, 21, 24, 25)? What were God’s thoughts after creating each creature (4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25) Where did God place each creature (9, 15, 16, 20, 24)? What do you learn about God?
Humankind, The Flower of Creation
Key Verse: 1:26
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth,£ and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”
Where do we come from, and where are we going? In the story of creation of humankind, we see the meaning and purpose of our lives.
We are the flowers of God’s creation.
1. What plan did God have for humankind (26)? What do you learn about creation order (Ps 8:4-8)?What does it mean that humans were created in the image of God (Eph 4:24; 1Jn 4:7)? What value do you see your life has in God?
26Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”
4 what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him?
5 You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings£and crowned him with glory and honor.
6 You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet:
7 all flocks and herds, and the beasts of the field,
8 the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea, all that swim the paths of the seas.
24and to put on the new self, created to be like God in true righteousness and holiness.
7Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God.
2. What command did God give human beings as his blessing (28)? What does it tell us about God’s mission for us?How did God provide food for his creatures (29- 30, Mt 6:33)?
28God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”
29Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so.
33But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.
3. After he created man, God saw, “It was very good” (31). What do you learn about the purpose of human life?
31God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
4. What did God do after he completed his creation work (2:1-3)? What is the meaning of the Sabbath day (Ex 20:10, 11)? Why do we need the Sabbath?
1Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array. 2By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work. 3And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.
10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
The Key to the World of Happiness.
Key Verse 2:8
From verse 4, God’s name is changed from “God”(Elohim) to “the Lord God”(Yahweh). Elohim means Almighty, and Yahweh means the one who exists by Himself and Savior, and God of covenant.
1. What was the state of the earth before God created humans (4-6)? How did God form man (7)? Who is the owner of human life? What kind of life should we live?
4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.
5 Now no shrub had yet appeared on the earth[a] and no plant had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no one to work the ground, 6 but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground. 7 Then the Lord God formed a man[c] from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.
2. What did God provide for man? (8)? Describes the Garden of Eden (9-14). In what sense it paradise? What kind of love do you see from this provision?
8 Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9 The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters. 11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.) 13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.14 The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.
3. What kind of work and blessing were given to man in Eden (15-16)? What does the tree of the knowledge of good and evil symbolize (17)? What did God provide through it?
15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; 17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.”
4. How did Adam obey God (19-20)? What did God create woman (18,21-22)? What is the biblical view of marriage (23-25)? What is your view of marriage? How can we restore the Garden of Eden in our marriages?
18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”
19 Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals and all the birds in the sky. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.
But for Adam[f] no suitable helper was found. 21 So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs[g] and then closed up the place with flesh. 22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib[h] he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.
23 The man said,
“This is now bone of my bones
and flesh of my flesh;
she shall be called ‘woman,’
for she was taken out of man.”
24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.
25 Adam and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.